GRAS 146AE 1/2'' CCP Free-field Rugged Microphone Set

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Designed to be used in real life conditions

The 146AE is the world’s first rugged CCP microphone set specifically designed to operate reliably in the harsh environments and conditions that you encounter in real life - such as strong vibrations, shock, drop, extreme temperatures and wet or dusty conditions.

The rugged design of the 146AE makes it possible to perform many different types of measurement in the same automotive test set up using only a single type of microphone. Not only does this improve your NVH test performance and data quality in rugged conditions, it also extends the lifetime of your measurement set-up. There is no need to repeat costly and time-consuming testing, providing you with efficient, valid data and high performance all at the same time.

All this makes the 146AE the most cost-efficient measurement microphone in your workshop.

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IEC 61094-4/WS2F
Freq range: 3.15 Hz to 20 kHz
Dyn range: 18 dB(A) to 138 dB
Sensitivity: 50 mV/Pa
Temperature: -40 to +125°C
Humidity: 0 – 95%
IP67

The 146AE is a rugged free-field microphone set for all acoustic applications where the microphone can be pointed directly at the sound source. It is optimized for use in harsh environments at temperatures from -40 to 125°C.

GRAS 146AE 1/2'' CCP Free-field Rugged Microphone Set

Technology

Introduction

GRAS 146AE is a rugged microphone specifically developed for harsh environments like Automotive testing. It combines the high precision and stability of a laboratory microphone with an unprecedented level of ruggedness, i.e. ability to work properly under adverse conditions such as shock, high temperatures, moisture, water spray, oil mists and dust.

A new Paradigm for Automotive Testing

With the accuracy of an IEC 61094-4/WS2F measurement microphone and ruggedness combined in one microphone you can now use a state of the art microphone that provides the advantage of quality and stability over an extended period of time, even when subjected to rough conditions.

You can make critical quality measurements without having to replace the microphones, and in this way enhance the confidence in your measurements while at the same time minimizing downtime and maintenance costs. Not having to reconfigure the measurement setup again and again reduces costs and makes measurements easily comparable.

This microphone is specifically designed to resist vibrations, shock and drop, and to produce accurate and repeatable measurements under harsh conditions. Application specific test fixtures, cables and accessories ensure easy positioning and handling.

An integrated PowerOn LED indication shows when the microphone is connected and ready to measure. If there is a faulty connection the LED will not be lit during power up. Finally it will light up when the TEDS chip is read. This feature makes it possible to run a full "are we ready to measure?" test of all connected microphones by sequentially activating their TEDS.

The 146AE is IP67 rated. All exposed parts are protected by water and oil repellent coating, which also is easy to clean. The coating can withstand heat and chemicals.

In addition to the microphone set's basic resilience against shock, dirt and moisture a replaceable protective grid with water and dust filter adds an extra layer of flexible protection, including protection against high-velocity particles. This makes the microphone specifically well suited for high humidity, oil splash or outdoor measurement conditions. Simply replacing the filter-grid assembly will add to the time the microphone set can be mounted in the same test configuration.

The 146AE has the same low temperature coefficient as a standard measurement microphone set as for example GRAS 46AE, but can withstand permanent exposure to temperatures from -40 to 125°C with no permanent change to its sensitivity.

Comprehensively Tested

HALT

At GRAS we know that in order for you to trust your measurement results, signal quality, stability and robustness are essential. And because we also know how you handle and use the microphones in your daily work, we conduct a series of Highly Accelerated Lifetime Tests (HALT) to make sure that they perform under real life conditions.

For the new rugged line of microphones, we have made our HALT even more challenging to reflect the extreme harsh environments and conditions in NVH measurements. It is vibrated for 60 hours at 8g, kept in temperatures varying from -40°C to +125°C , dropped horizontally and vertically from 150 cm on a hard surface and finally put through a tumbling test randomly falling 100 cm on a floor more than 500 times.

IP67 Certification

Furthermore, the 146AE is certified water and dust-proof (IP67).

Typical Applications and Use

The 146AE is a free-field microphone set designed for use in rough conditions such as NVH testing in the automotive industry.

It is specifically designed for applications such as:

  • Engine noise vibration testing
  • Acoustic performance testing
  • Pass by noise testing
  • Power train induced noise
  • Computer Model Validation/CAE validation
  • Accelerated Life Cycle Testing
  • Interior noise (Roof, AirCon, Squeak and Rattle)
  • Entertainment and Communication, Voice control
  • Vehicle component evaluations and certifications (Brake, Tire, Exhaust)
  • Testing at temperatures up to 125°C

Design

The GRAS 146AE is a high-performance 1/2” Constant Current Power (CCP) free-field rugged microphone set. As a CCP type microphone set it ensures simple cabling and stable connection setup, reducing costs. CCP connection standard is at the same time interchangeable with accelerometers and pressure sensors, giving a low multi-channel cost for combined Automotive and NVH testing.

The microphone set is designed to be extraordinarily robust against strong vibrations, shock, drop, high temperatures and wet or dusty conditions. Among the most important design features are the following:

  • The microphone set is a tightly sealed unit, and all exposed parts are protected by a water and oil repellent coating.
  • New methods and materials have been used for the interior of the microphone to improve its ability to absorb shock and vibrations, while the microphone housing is still made by the same well proven type of stainless steel that is used for our standard measurement microphones.
  • The diaphragm is more robust than what is usually used in measurement microphones. This, in combination with the coating, makes it easier to clean the diaphragm without damaging it. The diaphragm can be replaced during repair, keeping repair cost to a minimum.
  • The microphone grid is made from special materials and furnished with a coating, and especially robust to drop and scratches.
  • New materials and mounting methods have been used for the preamplifier section, making it more resistant to being dropped repeatedly.
  • The microphone has two venting holes, reducing the risk of water or oil drops from blocking the venting. The venting holes are protected by a unique filter, and the measurement set is IP67 rated.
  • Together with a GRAS BNC coax cable with waterproof sealing, your whole measurement setup is IP67 rated.
  • The ruggedness of the basic microphone set is further enhanced by the replaceable, special shock absorbing protection grid with an integrated filter that protects against oil, moisture, dirt and high-velocity particles.

Replaceable Grid with Enhanced Protection

Shock Protection

The 146AE has a two-stage shock protection system. A special built-in shock absorber prevents minor and medium shock impacts from damaging the microphone. If subjected to a high impact shock, the protection grid will absorb the shock by deforming.

The grid is scratch resistant and comes with protective coating.

The grid has a slightly larger diameter than the grids used on standard microphone sets like the GRAS 46AE, and therefore a dedicated calibration adapter is required. This adapter is part of the delivery.

Dust and Water Resistant Filter

The grid has an integrated filter that is made from an acoustically transparent mesh. This mesh offers protection against dust, dirt and high-velocity particles. It is water and oil repellant while remaining acoustically transparent. This filter protects the microphone in environments where very high humidity or direct water spray is present. It also protects against condensing. The filter is IP55 rated.

Comprehensive Mounting Options

The 146AE comes with adapters for GoPro™ mounting. In this way you get a vast variety of mounting options using widely accepted mounting methods, e.g. Picatinny.

Low Cost of Ownership

The comprehensive precautions we have taken to make the 146AE immune to adverse test conditions result in a number of benefits that all translate into low costs of ownership. The total life span of the microphone set will be many times that of a conventional microphone set that must be discarded due to damage from dirt, moisture, shock and vibrations.

  • The same microphone set can remain mounted in a test configuration for extended periods of time.

  • Separate test results are immediately comparable because the same stable microphones are used.

  • The protection grid with its protective filters can easily be replaced, for example before dirt and oil fog are clogging the meshes.

  • The CCP (Constant Current Power) technology allows for low cost per measurement channel.

Combining these advantages you will obtain a lower cost of ownership, while at the same time enjoying the accuracy and stability of a laboratory microphone. This is also due to lower failure rates and improved productivity due to easier handling and control of your measurement setup.

Compatibility

The 146AE conforms to IEC61094-4/WS2F, it is terminated with a BNC connector and requires a constant current of 2 mA.

Ready to use standard coax cable assemblies of various types and lengths or waterproof, heat and chemical resistant cables are available.

The 146AE is IEEE 1451.4 TEDS v. 1.0 compliant. If your measurement platform supports Transducer Electronic Data Sheets you will be able to read and write data like properties and calibration data.

System Verification

The integrated PowerOn indication and the functionality of TEDS are very useful to determine which microphone is connected to which input channel. However, it is not a check of whether the microphone is within specifications or not.

For daily verification and check of your measurement setup, we recommend using a sound source like the GRAS 42AG Multifunction Sound Calibrator with the calibration adapter that is part of the delivery. For proper sensitivity calibration we recommend using a reference sound source like the GRAS 42AP Intelligent Pistonphone.

Calibration Data

Calibration Data for each individual microphone set can be accessed online via the serial number. In this way, you can easily download and configure your analyzer with calibration data.

Accessible on-line are also correction data for the protective grid in a format that your analyzer can read at www.gras.dk/e-data

GRAS HALT

When our R&D team develops a measurement microphone, it must undergo the most demanding tests to prove that it can withstand our customers' daily test conditions. Using a series of Highly Accelerated Lifetime Tests (HALT) we ensure that our microphones live up to the high quality and precision that our customers have come to expect and trust. Our HALT tests actively accelerate the lifetime of a microphone by simulating the handling and use it is exposed to in real life situations.

A HALT tested microphone must be fully functional and within specifications after the test. The HALT tests are specified in the Specifications section.

For more about HALT, see http://www.gras.dk/halt.

Service, Warranty and Repair

When leaving the factory, all GRAS microphones have been calibrated in a controlled laboratory environment using traceable calibration equipment. Depending on the use, measurement environment and internal quality control programs we recommend that the microphone is recalibrated at least once a year.

We offer two kinds of calibration as an optional after-sales service: GRAS Traceable Calibration and GRAS Accredited Calibration.

GRAS Traceable Calibration is a traceable calibration performed by trained personnel under controlled conditions according to established procedures and standards. This is identical to the rigorous calibration that all GRAS microphones are subjected to as an integral part of our quality assurance. GRAS Accredited Calibration is performed by the GRAS Accredited Calibration Laboratory that has been accredited in accordance with ISO 17025 by DANAK, the Danish Accreditation Fund. If you want a new microphone set delivered with an accredited calibration instead of the default factory calibration, specify this when ordering.

All parts are manufactured and assembled at the factory in Denmark by skilled and dedicated operators in a verified clean-room environment.

Thanks to the high quality, our warranty against defective materials and workmanship is 5 years.

 

Specifications

Frequency range (±1 dB)
Hz
5 to 10 k
Frequency range (±2 dB)
Hz
3.15 to 20 k
Dynamic range lower limit with GRAS preamplifier
dB(A)
18
Dynamic range upper limit with GRAS CCP preamplifier
dB
138
Set sensitivity @ 250 Hz (±2 dB)
mV/Pa
50
Set sensitivity @ 250 Hz (±2 dB)
dB re 1V/Pa
-26
Output impedance
Ω
< 50
Output Voltage Swing, min. @ 24-28 V CCP voltage supply
Vp
8
Power supply min. to max.
mA
2 to 20
DC bias voltage, typ.
V
16
Microphone venting
Rear
IEC 61094-4 Compliance
WS2F
Temperature range, operation
°C / °F
-40 to 125 / -40 to 257
Temperature range, storage
°C / °F
-40 to 85 / -40 to 185
Temperature coefficient @250 Hz
dB/°C / dB/°F
-0.01 / -0.006
Static pressure coefficient @250 Hz
dB/kPa
-0.003
Humidity range non condensing
% RH
0 to 95, Operation: 0 to 99
Humidity coefficient @250 Hz
dB/% RH
-0.0005
Influence of axial vibration @1 m/s²
dB re 20 µPa
66
TEDS UDID (IEEE 1451.4)
I27-0-0-0U
Connector type
BNC
CE/RoHS compliant/WEEE registered
Yes/Yes/Yes
Weight
g / oz
35 / 1.23
HALT TEST PARAMETERS
HALT Humidity 90%
@50°C
48 hours
HALT Drop - horizontal orientation of mic., 2 kg load
m
1.5
HALT Drop - vertical, grid downwards, 2 kg load
m
1.5
HALT Drop - tumbling 1 meter
times
500
HALT Vibration - horizontal and vertical
@8g
60 hours
IP rating
IP67*

*International Protection Marking, IEC standard 60529. IP67: Totally protected against dust, protected against the effect water of up to 1m of submersion. IP test according to IEC 60529:2013 performed by DELTA - a part of FORCE Technology, Venlighedsvej 4, 2970 Hørsholm, Danmark. www.delta.dk

Typical free field response.

GRAS Sound & Vibration reserves the right to change specifications and accessories without notice.

Dimensions

GS0847

Ordering info

 Optional items

GRAS RA0504 GoPro adapter
GRAS RA0340 Dust, Oil and Water resistant shock protection grid
GRAS RA0352 Standard 1/2" protection grid
GRAS AA0102 BNC-BNC waterproof cable
GRAS AA0095-CL BNC-BNC high temperature, custom length, CL= length in metre
GRAS AA0103 10 m waterproof BNC-BNC cable
GRAS RA0341 Calibration Adapter for use with RA0340 protection grid
GRAS CA2300 Accredited Calibration

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